David Boggs and Bob Metcalfe
Ed McCreight, Gordon Bell and David Liddle
John Shoch and David Boggs
Pitts Jarvis, Bob Garner and Ron Crane
Bob Printis and David Liddle
Photographs courtesy of PARC. Photographer is Deanna Horvath
After leaving Xerox to start 3Com, Bob Metcalfe contacted Gordon Bell (DEC), and then persuaded David Liddle (Xerox) and Phil Kaufman (Intel) to bring their respective organizations to work together to create a new standard that has lasted over 25 years and has gone from local area nertworks, to wireless networks to high speed wide area networks. The engineering groups at DEC, Intel and Xerox brought their respective skills in hardware, semi-conductors and distributed computing to ensure that this standard would last for a long time. David Redell (Xerox), Rich Seifert (DEC) and Rob Ryan (Intel) created Version 1.0 of the Ethernet Specification on September 30, 1980, and Bob Printis (Xerox) represented Ethernet to the IEEE standards body to create IEEE 802.3 .
In 1977 the Xerox Star team began working on X-Wire, a 20 Mbps version of the PARC Ethernet XWire Draft Spec. The speed of X-Wire was reduced to 10 Mbps because the higher speed reduced the length of a coax cable segment to below 500m, and also because the typical spacing for the transceiver taps produced undesirable reflections. The 10 Mbps X-Wire became the starting point for the DIX Ethernet Specification.
Ethernet has changed the way we connect computers and its simplicity is what has made it so popular. The idea was influenced by Bob Metcalfe's PhD Thesis and documented in his landmark May 22, 1973 memo.
Bob Metcalfe -- 1973
Bob Metcalfe and Ron Rider -- 1974
This blog celebrates the creation of Ethernet and its history by bringing together in one place an interactive time line of the major events and the names of people whose contributions were invaluable. Interesting videos, photos, and links to seminal papers are provided in posts so that they may elicit participation by the pioneers via comments. If you would like to write a post, please contact me and I can arrange to do it for you or invite you as an author.