The Ethernet Lobby at the Stanford School of Engineering's new Jen-Hsun Huang Engineering Center is a gift from many Stanford faculty and students who contributed to the invention, productization, standardization and commercialization of Ethernet. Those making this gift played key roles in Ethernet's success. Ethernet was invented in 1973 at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center by Bob Metcalfe (also at that time on the faculty at Stanford and one of my PhD thesis advisors) and David Boggs (also at that time a fellow graduate student at Stanford.)
Some of us: Len Shustek, John Shoch, Robert Garner, Yogen Dalal and Ron Crane
Bob Metcalfe receives this award for fundamental contributions in the invention, standardization, and commercialization of Ethernet.
David Boggs, Ron Crane and Bob Metcalfe at the event.
The interactive Ethernet history timeline is based on the Ethernet poster Mayfield Fund commissioned for the 25th anniversary at Vortex 1998.
Omissions and errors will be rectified, and seminal events since then will be added to the timeline.
Important papers, publications and books are listed with links on the left column to enable authors to comment through this post about interesting aspects and recollections of their work. If necessary a dedicated post can easily be created.
An interesting observation is that most of the seminal work around Ethernet was done at Xerox. The major influence from outside produced the CAT5 wiring and star topology for ease of installation and maintenance, and it is now the most common configuration for wired Ethernet.
David Boggs and Bob Metcalfe
Ed McCreight, Gordon Bell and David Liddle
John Shoch and David Boggs
Pitts Jarvis, Bob Garner and Ron Crane
Bob Printis and David Liddle
Photographs courtesy of PARC. Photographer is Deanna Horvath
After leaving Xerox to start 3Com, Bob Metcalfe contacted Gordon Bell (DEC), and then persuaded David Liddle (Xerox) and Phil Kaufman (Intel) to bring their respective organizations to work together to create a new standard that has lasted over 25 years and has gone from local area nertworks, to wireless networks to high speed wide area networks. The engineering groups at DEC, Intel and Xerox brought their respective skills in hardware, semi-conductors and distributed computing to ensure that this standard would last for a long time. David Redell (Xerox), Rich Seifert (DEC) and Rob Ryan (Intel) created Version 1.0 of the Ethernet Specification on September 30, 1980, and Bob Printis (Xerox) represented Ethernet to the IEEE standards body to create IEEE 802.3 .
In 1977 the Xerox Star team began working on X-Wire, a 20 Mbps version of the PARC Ethernet XWire Draft Spec. The speed of X-Wire was reduced to 10 Mbps because the higher speed reduced the length of a coax cable segment to below 500m, and also because the typical spacing for the transceiver taps produced undesirable reflections. The 10 Mbps X-Wire became the starting point for the DIX Ethernet Specification.
Ethernet has changed the way we connect computers and its simplicity is what has made it so popular. The idea was influenced by Bob Metcalfe's PhD Thesis and documented in his landmark May 22, 1973 memo.
Bob Metcalfe -- 1973
Bob Metcalfe and Ron Rider -- 1974
This blog celebrates the creation of Ethernet and its history by bringing together in one place an interactive time line of the major events and the names of people whose contributions were invaluable. Interesting videos, photos, and links to seminal papers are provided in posts so that they may elicit participation by the pioneers via comments. If you would like to write a post, please contact me and I can arrange to do it for you or invite you as an author.